The UNESCO resolution on "occupied Palestine" was endorsed Tuesday by the agency's executive board at its headquarters in Paris, after being approved at the committee stage last week.
Even departing UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, never a friend to Israel, reaffirmed "the importance of the Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls for the three monotheistic religions" and stressed "the importance of the religious and historical link of the Jewish, Muslim and Christian peoples to the holy site".
It used only the Islamic name for the site that includes the Western Wall, a remnant of the Biblical temple and the holiest site where Jews can pray.
Palestine's deputy ambassador to Unesco Mounir Anastas said the goal of the resolution was to "remind Israel that they are the occupying power in East Jerusalem and ask them to stop all their violations".
"A minority of UNESCO members, led by the Palestinian Authority and Arab countries, has sought for a long time to exploit this body to castigate Israel", Harris said.
In the draft resolutions, Israel was condemned for "violations" at Jewish holy sites and the holiest sites in Judaism are referred to exclusively by their Islamic names, describing them as holy only to Muslims. Mexico originally voted in favor of the resolution but it appears that the country has changed its stance regarding the matter.
On Friday, Israel suspended "all professional activities" with UNESCO over the draft decision which "deeply deplores" Israeli actions in Jerusalem and refers to the nation as an "occupying power". As part of the "Temple Mount Sifting Project", archaeologists have been going through the debris dug up by the Waqf and have found numerous archaeological remains, including decorated stone tiles that they say are from the Second Temple.
Duterte Declares US Has Lost, Aligns Philippines with China
He would seek to clarify Duterte's comments, the State Department said. The U.S. president has questioned whether this violates human rights.
The text of the resolution also strongly condemns "escalating Israeli aggression and illegal measures" against the organization and Israeli violations of Muslims' right to worship at the site. Shama-Hacohen added that the Mexican ambassador's dismissal is "not good news for us, he is a true friend of Israel, but a change in Mexico's voting pattern on Israel is an important diplomatic achievement and a continuation of the trending erosion of support for the Palestinians at UNESCO".
Israel's United Nations envoy Danny Danon said, "On a day when United Nations agencies have again chosen to slander Israel and UNESCO adopted a resolution which attempts to sever the historical connection between the Jewish people and Jerusalem, I expect the new secretary-general to be a fair leader".
He went on to urge the worldwide community to take "serious action" to end Israel's decades-long occupation and to support the establishment of a Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its capital.
"We need more time and dialogue between the members of the board to reach a consensus", he told AFP.
Twenty-four countries voted in favor of the Unesco Executive Board resolution - initiated by the Palestinians- and six - the US, United Kingdom Germany, Holland, Lithuania and Estonia - voted against.
Palestine was admitted to UNESCO in 2011.