According to the PMI survey respondents, the latest rise in production was due to strong growth of new orders with the amount of new work received by manufacturers growing markedly during October.
The Markit/CIPS UK Construction Purchasing Managers' Index, which has been closely watched, was at 52.6 last month. Stronger growth in production supported the higher headline index reading in October.
Despite easing back from September's two-year high, output was still well above the long-running average of 51.5.
The Irish manufacturing industry showed signs of recovery in October, as new orders and output climbed from the lows seen after the UK's decision to leave the European Union in June.
Markit said about 90% of companies reporting rising import costs made reference to the exchange rate.
In a sign that inflation may be starting to edge toward the ECB's target, IHS Markit said companies set higher selling prices for the first time since August a year ago, passing on to customers increased commodity costs, particularly for oil-related products.
"While business activity has picked up since the third quarter, the recent phase of new order growth has been the weakest for three-and-a-half years".
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Nonetheless, a reading above 50 indicates expansion in the sector, while a reading below 50 suggests contraction.
As a result, purchase price inflation subsequently rose its highest level in nearly six years and to its fourth-highest level since the survey began in 1992.
Looking ahead, DBS economist Irvin Seah said all factors are pointing to a gradual improvement in the manufacturing sector.
Furthermore, it was the quickest rate of input price inflation for just over five years.
The BoE is widely expected to refrain from a fresh interest rate cut on Thursday, due to the economy's resilience to the Brexit shock so far and the almost 20 percent fall in the value of the pound against the US dollar.
Last week, The Office for National Statistics revealed GDP grew by 0.5 per cent in its first estimate of third-quarter growth, down slightly from 0.7 per cent in the second quarter, with economists predicting a steeper fall of 0.3 per cent.