The governments of India and Japan, on Friday, signed an agreement on civil nuclear co-operation which will help India enhance its use of nuclear energy for civil nuclear purposes.
India says the NPT is discriminatory and it has concerns about nuclear-armed China as well as its long-time nuclear-armed rival, Pakistan. But this assurance had always been supplied by New Delhi right through its nuclear discussion with Japan.
The nuclear pact, though limited to peaceful commercial use, is controversial because India has not signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
The agreement provides for the development of nuclear power projects in India and thus strengthening of energy security of the country.
After the Indo-Japan deal was signed, Foreign Secretary S Jaishankar had said it is strikingly similar to atomic agreements India inked with the United States and most of the other countries, having provisions like "termination" clause. The agreement was in the works since 2010 and it is evident that Modi and Abe had played crucial roles in getting it formally signed. India has traditionally refused to link its nuclear trade with pre-conditions on testing, holding it is a matter of nuclear sovereignty, and instead giving a voluntary moratorium on tests. The other MoU between India's Ministry of Earth Sciences and the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science aims to promote cooperation in areas of joint survey and research, and exchange of scientific visits by researchers and experts.
Japan has made an exception by signing the atomic cooperation agreement with India, given that it is a non-signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
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In a separate document, the two governments included a deal that cooperation would be suspended if India conducts a nuclear bomb test.
Prime Minister Modi said that India is getting historically high FDI and is moving quickly on the path of economic progress.
Japan has signed a controversial deal to sell civil nuclear power equipment and technology to India, despite resistance from campaigners, as the two countries seek to boost business and security ties. "I thank Prime Minister Abe, the Japanese government and the Parliament for their support to this agreement", he told the press.
India has started negotiations with Westinghouse Electric to set up six atomic energy plants in south India. Japan is steadfast in increasing its investments to India.
During Abe's visit o New Delhi past year, Japan committed itself to develop a high-speed railway between Ahmedabad and Mumbai.
In addition to the nuclear deal, the two nations have agreed to explore plans to build high-speed rail lines in India based on Japan's bullet train technology, and increase cooperation in engineering and manufacturing.