January saw only modest increases in order books, production and buying levels, but the quick rebound will be welcome news to policymakers.
Samuel Tombs, chief United Kingdom economist at Pantheon Macroeconomics, said: "The mini-revival in construction activity, prompted by relief among firms about the short-term fallout from the Brexit vote and the boost to housing demand from the MPC's interest rate cut in August, already has run out of steam".
"The major emerging concern - particularly among the more energy-intensive manufacturers - is the deteriorating energy price outlook which threatens to stifle the tentative recovery underway in the sector", Mr Willox said in a statement. The report showed that out of the 34 sub-sectors surveyed during the month, 21 sub-sectors recorded decline in activity.
They said China's official manufacturing PMI came out marginally higher than expected, at 51.3 points in January, pointing to solid manufacturing activity.
She said inflationary pressures represented a cloud on the horizon and "presented some risks to the resilience of the United Kingdom market later this year".
The Indian manufacturing output increased during January on the back of rising order books, but failed to generate jobs in the sector, the research firm said.
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Factories' raw material costs rose at the fastest pace since PMI records began 25 years ago - fueled by the pound's near 20 percent drop against the dollar since June's Brexit vote, as well as higher prices for steel and oil.
Goods producers continued to cut back on staff numbers, and on the price front, input prices rose at the sharpest rate in almost six years, leading to an increase in prices charged.
Lee Hopley, chief economist at EEF, the manufacturers' organisation, said the survey told "a positive story about the sector", with the all the important output and orders components remaining firmly in positive territory.
Activity levels across China's manufacturing sector continued to improve in January, continuing the stable performance seen in the second half of 2016.
"Looking ahead, the trend for trade will remain challenging given so much uncertainty surrounding the global economy".