Born in 1782, Calhoun was a SC congressman who went on to serve as US secretary of war, the country's vice president, along with a brief stint as secretary of state.
"I want to ensure we don't erase history, especially history that embarrasses us and had university involvement", Yale president Peter Salovey said on a call with reporters.
The college was named after former Vice President John Calhoun, a proponent of slavery.
Elena Hodges, a Yale College senior, said she came to the protest to show solidarity with her classmates and the Greater New Haven community.
Meanwhile, since the name will not be changed until July, some students took it upon themselves to update the college signs.
"We have a strong presumption against renaming buildings on this campus", Salovey said Saturday. However, they will also have the option of changing their affiliation to Hopper College within Alumni systems if they wish, Holloway said.
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Rear Admiral Grace Hopper. Retaining the name forces us to learn anew and confront one of the most disturbing aspects of Yale's and our nation's past. But said at Yale, students partly form their social identities and friend circles around being in a certain residential college.
But campus protests following the earlier decision led Yale to convene a committee of historians, which recently advocated that the dorm be renamed, after finding John Calhoun's personal values to be out of alignment with the school's. The name Calhoun is engraved throughout the college, including above the front gate, and the upper tier of Harkness Tower features a sculpture of Calhoun.
"Just last week, (U.S. Sen.) Elizabeth Warren, (D-Mass.), was silenced by fellow senators for speaking out against a man who has a history of bigotry and racism", she said. The school initially ruled in April 2016 not to change the name of the college, despite student and community protests. The charges were later dropped at Yale's request.
Salovey, in an interview, said he was thrilled by the choice of Hopper, who earned her doctorate in mathematics and mathematical physics from Yale in 1934. Last year, Yale announced that it would keep the Calhoun name on the residential college, and that doing so was part of the commitment of the college to acknowledging and teaching the history of the institution's connections with slavery.
A programming language her team invented in the 1950s was a predecessor to the widely-used COBOL. Like Calhoun, Hopper, who was posthumously awarded the presidential medal of freedom by Barack Obama in November, is a Yale alumnus.