The bomb used in the strike is claimed to be the biggest-ever non-nuclear bomb.
The massive bomb terrified villagers 20 miles away across the border in Pakistan with a blast they described as earsplitting. The United States had dropped the "mother of all bombs" on their tunnels in eastern Afghanistan on Thursday.
The strike was carried out against an Islamic State group tunnel complex carved in the mountains that Afghan forces have tried repeatedly in past weeks to assault in fierce fighting in recent weeks in Nangarhar province, Afghan officials said.
But Gen. Daulat Waziri, spokesman for the Afghanistan Ministry of Defense, said 36 IS fighters were killed, and that the death toll could likely rise.
"Dropping of the massive and the so-called mother of all bombs, celebrating the attack and using it as a propaganda tool show the growing barbarism of the American invaders", the Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid said in a statement on Friday.
US General John Nicholson, Nato commander in Afghanistan, said: "This is the right weapon for the right target".
He said there are still no signs of civilian casualties. Afghan media quoted locals as saying they saw flames at the bombed site.
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The strike was created to minimize the risk to Afghan and U.S. forces conducting clearing operations, while maximizing the destruction of ISIS fighters and facilities, said the U.S. Forces-Afghanistan, which is part of the NATO-led Resolute Support. The village is a barrier between Nangarhar and the Kurram tribal region.
Also, as former Afghan President Hamid Karzai said in a tweet, quoted by the New York Times, the U.S. was testing its unused ordnance in Afghanistan (much as it had done in Iraq during the first Iraq war).
The US estimates 600-800 IS fighters are in Afghanistan, mostly in Nangarhar.
President Donald Trump said this week he would be sending his new national security adviser, Lt. Gen. HR McMaster, to Afghanistan "to find out how we can make progress alongside our Afghan partners and North Atlantic Treaty Organisation allies".
The statement said it is the responsibility of Afghans, not the US, to remove the Islamic State group from the country.
Lawrence Korb, a former assistant secretary of defense in Washington and now a senior fellow at the Center for American Progress, agrees that the bomb was a message for Islamic State, but he also notes that the bunker and tunnel complex the US forces were targeting required the use of the huge bomb, which detonates above the surface and creates a shock wave that destroys everything and kills anyone in its path over a wide area. The two militant movements are rivals of each other.
U.S President Donald Trump's National Security Adviser H.R. McMaster is heading to Afghanistan to evaluate strategic options - including how much of a force to commit to what remains America's longest-running military conflict. "They kidnapped wives and daughters and forced them to marry fighters", he said.