Sitharaman said India would continue its efforts to reconstruct Afghanistan's infrastructure, but she ruled out sending Indian troops to the country.
India and US once again reiterated their united stand against Pakistan's approach towards terrorism.
Sale of F-16 and F18A fighter jets to India will be high on the defence secretary's agenda which the Trump administration is keen to sell in a deal worth Dollars 15 billion. Cooperation in defence equipment grew steadily over past years and the United States is now a leading state-of-the-art defence equipment supplier to India, Sitharaman said.
New Delhi will also enhance its efforts to train Afghan soldiers in counterterrorism and help build its police forces, Sitharaman said.
Mattis is the first high ranking official of the Trump administration to visit India and the United States has been wanting Indian military presence in Afghanistan.
Evacuations ordered as Southern California fire spreads
But with some lanes closed, traffic was backed up for several miles and delays continued through the morning commute. Monday, according to the Los Angeles Times , and it spread into Chino Hills State Park a couple hours later.
Stating that the recent Malabar trilateral naval exercises between India, US and Japan demonstrated the progress made in "operational synergies" between the navies, she said "in our talks today, we agreed to explore additional, specialised exercises". "There is growing convergence in the approaches of both our countries on this issue", Sitharaman said at a joint press conference. New Delhi has committed $3 billion in development projects in Afghanistan and trains Afghan officers in India.
"The very same forces which find safe haven in Pakistan are the same that hit at NY and Mumbai", she said.
This follows President Donald Trump's announcement last month that strategic partnership with India would be "a critical part of the South Asia strategy for America", placing those issues high on the bilateral agenda. He also welcomed India's contribution in war-torn Afghanistan.
In 2016, the USA declared India a "Major Defense Partner", a unique label that gave it access to a wider range of US military technologies. "We want to have friendly relationships with both Pakistan and India".
"I reiterated India's deep interest in enhancing defence manufacturing in India under Prime Minister's Make-in-India programme", she said.
India and the U.S. on Tuesday discussed deepening defence ties and enhancing trade and technology cooperation, with Washington expressing interest in expanding maritime security engagement amid China's growing aggression in South China sea.