Barack Obama was criticised for trading Taliban prisoners to bring Bergdahl back to the USA, and as a presidential candidate, Mr Trump had called for Bergdahl to face stiff punishment.
Although he did not receive any further jail time, he has been dishonourably discharged from the military.
But a military judge ruled on Friday that a lesser punishment was appropriate.
US President Donald Trump condemned the military judge's decision on Twitter, calling it a "complete and total disgrace to our Country and to our Military".
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Bergdahl's civilian attorney - at a news conference after the sentence was announced, said, "Sgt. Bergdahl has looked forward to today for a long time". Trump repeatedly called Bergdahl a traitor who should be executed.
Prosecutors had been seeking 14 years in prison, while defense lawyers had asked for no prison time and a dishonorable or bad conduct discharge.
Army Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl leaves the Fort Bragg courtroom facility after his sentencing hearing at Fort Bragg, N.C., on Friday, Nov. 3, 2017.
According to Fidell, Bergdahl plans to appeal the dishonorable discharge. Bergdahl is seen as either a hero and fearless POW or a traitor who left his post and went AWOL, endangering the lives of everyone who went to look for him.
"We're exhausted of Sgt. Bergdahl, who's a traitor, a no-good traitor, who should have been executed", Trump said at an October 2015 rally, for example.