In a stunning blow to the regime, it also paved the way for exiled former president Mohamed Nasheed - the first democratically elected but who was controversially convicted of terrorism in 2015 - to return and run for president this year.
The United Nations, Australia, Britain, Canada, India and the USA had welcomed the court's decision, while UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres at the weekend called for "restraint" as the crisis escalated. He lost the 2013 presidential election to Yameen, then was convicted under Maldives' anti-terrorism laws in a trial widely criticized by worldwide rights groups.
The United States said it was "troubled and disappointed" at the declaration of a state of emergency and called on Yameen to comply with the rule of law. Shukoor said the reason for the declaration of emergency was that the Supreme Court was obstructing the government from carrying out its responsibilities.
Last week's Supreme Court ruling very much caught the government on the back foot but it had been hard to see how they would manage to avoid implementing it in the face of domestic and global pressure.
On Sunday, the Opposition MPs signed a resolution, calling on the global community to impress upon the Maldives government the need to respect the rule of law, and implement last Thursday's Supreme Court ruling. "The prevailing political developments in the Maldives are a matter of concern for India". China urged people to avoid travel there and Australia and the USA told citizens to be cautious. China is reportedly among the biggest sources of tourists to the archipelago known for its luxury resorts. The charges against them have not been specified.
She explained the decision by saying that the Supreme Court had not acted on a series of government letters saying there were "numerous challenges" to implementing it.
The lawyer for the Maldives' former dictator says the now-opposition leader has been arrested. The Maldives president has since fired his second police chief in three days, making the opposition fear that he was resisting the verdict and that it would lead to violence in the nation.
In a letter addressed to the global community, Maldive opposition lawmakers appealed for external support in persuading Yameen to end the tense standoff with the country's highest court. Mr. Yameen's declaration of a state of emergency on Monday elicited even stronger worldwide reactions.
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Security forces cordoned off the area and were searching for possible accomplices of the bomber, the military statement said. Initial reports suggested that the bomber blew himself up in a ground where soldiers were playing volleyball.
Officials said the declaration emergency gives the Government the right to make arrests, search and seize property and restricts freedom of assembly.
How else has the government responded to the court ruling?
Their detention comes amid a bitter row between the top court and the president over the release of several imprisoned opposition politicians.
Soldiers have occupied the parliament building to stop legislators from entering.
The announcement was read by Legal Affairs Minister Azima Shakoor on state television, flanked by Attorney General Mohamed Anil.
On Sunday, the Maldives Supreme Court restored parliament membership of 12 supporters of the opposition, thereby giving the opposition coalition the majority of seats in the legislature, which has the power to impeach the president.
The court also ordered fresh investigations and trials to be held.
But the nation lost much of its democratic gains after Yameen was elected in 2013. As such, the order has not been executed and popular protests were formed throughout the capital, Male, over the weekend demanding the government's compliance.
The US State Department said in a press release that it supports the Supreme Court's decision and "it is imperative that the Maldivian President, government, and security services uphold the constitution and rule of law and implement the court's ruling in full".