China has warned any agreements with Washington in their talks on settling a sprawling trade dispute "will not take effect" if threatened USA sanctions including tariff hikes go ahead.
"Trump's strategy does no favors for the moderates like trade negotiator Liu He who are eager to take China down a more manageable path of market and financial reforms, and such reforms would indeed be good for USA commercial interests", said James Zimmerman, a partner in the Beijing office of the law firm Perkins Coie and a former chairman of the American Chamber of Commerce in China.
Private sector analysts say while Beijing is willing to compromise on its trade surplus, it will resist changes that might threaten plans to transform China into a global technology competitor.
The two sides began a new round of talks in Beijing this weekend aimed at settling a simmering trade dispute.
Liu is also a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, and chief of the Chinese side of the China-US comprehensive economic dialogue.
The U-S has threatened to implement tariffs on 50 billion dollars worth of Chinese imports.
"Our meetings so far have been friendly and frank, and covered some useful topics about specific export items", Mr Ross said at the opening of Sunday's meeting.
Trade tensions between the United States and China, the world's two largest economies, had intensified in April after Beijing said it was slapping duties on 106 American imports following Washington's plans to put new tariff on hundreds of Chinese items.
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The purchases are partly aimed at shrinking the $375 billion USA goods trade deficit with China.
"I want to be clear, this isn't just about [China] buying more goods, this is about structural changes", Mnuchin said.
Liu offered the USA team a "special welcome" to Beijing for the talks.
State news outlets have portrayed the ZTE decision as having been made by Mr. Ross's Commerce Department, and they have suggested that it is merely a bargaining ploy as part of trade negotiations.
Mr Ross's China visit comes days after Washington threatened to impose extra tariffs on $50bn of Chinese goods.
"There are structural changes that allow our companies to compete fairly".
Ross, who was preceded in Beijing last week by more than 50 U.S. officials, is expected during the two-day visit to try to secure long-term purchases of USA farm and energy commodities to help shrink the United States trade deficit.
At a heated meeting in the Canadian ski resort of Whistler, the European Union and Canada threatened to retaliate against tariffs of 25% on steel and 10% on aluminium, whose implementation Mr Ross announced on Thursday.
China accused Washington of wanting it both ways, insisting each country would be better served by pursuing the "greatest number of common interests", and that any new deals "cannot be tilted toward unilateral US interests".