"China indicated development plans may be underway to power islands and reefs in the typhoon-prone South China Sea with floating nuclear power stations; development reportedly is to begin prior to 2020".
"China is developing a stealthy, long-range strategic bomber with a nuclear delivery capability that could be operational within the next 10 years".
In January the Pentagon put countering Beijing, along with Russian Federation, at the centre of a new national defence strategy.
"Over the last three years, the PLA [People's Liberation Army] has rapidly expanded its overwater bomber operating areas, gaining experience in critical maritime regions and likely training for strikes against USA and allied targets", the report says.
The annual report to Congress says China is increasing its ability to send bomber planes further afield.
The East China Sea and the South China Sea have been flashpoints for provocative military behaviour from China and its neighbours, to the ire of the US.
China is also rapidly expanding its space program "despite its public stance against the militarization of space", according to the report.
Judge in Paul Manafort trial suddenly recesses court without explanation
Early Friday, prosecutors said Ellis' crack "misrepresents the law" regarding bank conspiracy and "is likely to confuse the jury". Prosecutors have said that Calk pushed through the loans for Manafort because he wanted a job in the Trump administration.
"The objective of these reforms is to create a more mobile, modular, lethal ground force capable of being the core of joint operations and able to meet Xi Jinping's directive to 'fight and win wars, '" the Pentagon report notes.
The China Securities Journal - a Chinese state-run financial newspaper - said in 2016 that China could build as many as 20 floating nuclear plants to "speed up the commercial development" of the South China Sea, the South China Morning Post reported previous year. China's use of such tactics, which fall short of armed conflicts, to pursue its strategic objectives are evident in its expanding territorial and maritime sovereignty claims in South and East China Seas as well as the 73-day troop standoff with India at Doklam near the Sikkim-Bhutan-Tibet trijunction past year, said the Pentagon.
The assessment was contained in an annual report that highlighted China's efforts to increase its global influence, with defence spending that the Pentagon estimates exceeded $190bn in 2017.
The Pentagon's comments come at a time when the United States and China are planning to hold trade talks to try to resolve an escalating dispute over tariffs.
China's military modernisation is primarily aimed at preventing any U.S. intervention in the Taiwan Strait and protecting its energy supplies coming through the IOR, but India certainly needs to keep its guard up.
"US military aircraft, this is China. leave immediately and keep out to avoid any misunderstanding", a representative of the PLA said.
Similarly, despite being wary of China's assertive behaviour along the Line of Actual Control and its growing naval deployments in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR), India is also set to roll out the red carpet for Chinese defence minister General Wei Fenghe's visit here from August 21 to 24.
Officially, China advocates for a peaceful reunification with Taiwan, but it has never repudiated the use of military force, the document notes.